The word mood gives fair bit of understanding, in medical terms if we talk what is mood disorder is a mental health problem such a depression, bipolar disorder and mania. Mood disorder is something which can occur in anyone, children can also get affected with mood disorder. The reason why mood disorder happens is not completely understood. But it is believed that imbalance in brain chemicals known as neurotransmitters are likely to play a role in mood disorder. There may be some medical conditions as well which can play a role in mood disorder like substance abuse, life events or other causes.
There are different types of mood disorders but the most common types of mood disorders are depression, dysthymic disorder and bipolar disorder. It is quite normal for a person to have mood swings and most of the people go through times when they have sad feeling. But when these sad feelings continue for a very long time and they affect your life, then one may have mood disorder. Some of the symptoms which can be seen in mood disorder are sadness, hopelessness, guilt, suicidal thoughts, fatigue, changes in appetite, irritation, inability to concentrate, trouble in daily takes and relationships as well.
What kind of treatment is to be given to an individual depends upon the medical professional. There are certain options which are there for a medical professional to choose from like medication, cognitive therapy, behavioral therapy and lifestyle modification may be used as well.
Why there is mood disorder is still not known. But most of the mood disorders are there due to chemicals in the brain called neurotransmitters, which are responsible to regulate mood, feelings and behavior. It is believed that change in the levels of these neurotransmitters can be a reason behind mood disorders. Mood disorder can also be triggered due to some kind of trauma or due to stress in your daily life. Though it is quite normal to have mood change due to the events which takes place in life, but you usually recover from stressors. But in the case of person suffering with mood disorder his ability to cope with stress get reduced.
The first thins to be done in order to treat a person suffering with mood disorder is to address his negative feelings, helping that person to be normal, capable and making him take care of his daily life style. There are certain therapies like talk therapy or psychotherapy which can help an individual to cope up with the difficult events and this might be enough to treat mood disorder. But in cases where there is chemical imbalance than medication can be used to make the balance proper. In case of very severe kind of mood disorder there are therapies such as electro conclusive therapy which may be used. Apart from these there are some common treatments which are used like use of antidepressant medicines, antipsychotic medications, cognitive therapy, family therapy, group therapy, identification and treatment of coexisting conditions, individual therapy, mood-stabilizing medications, psychodynamic therapy in order to discover and understand the past issues and their relationships to current thoughts and behavior and supports groups can be used.
|Mood Disorders - psychological-disorders.org|