Symptoms of Mania
Mania is a condition in which the person suffering from mania will have irritable mood, arousal and energy levels. It is something which is opposite of depression. The word mania is a Greek word which means madness, frenzy and that from the verb to be mad, to rage, to be furious. When someone is under drug intoxication, due to some medication side effects or due to malignancy one in addition to mood disorder may also reflect symptoms of manic behavior. Mania is actually associated with bipolar disorder where along with mania episodes, alternatively may also see episodes of major depression. It is very important to detect mania in early stages as patients become reluctant to comply with the treatment. Mania may vary from a very mild mania which is known as hypomania to a full-blown mania with psychotic features.
A mania episode may last for seven or more days as defined by American psychiatric association’s diagnostic manual. The condition which is marked will be unusually and continuous and the mood will be irritable mood, and the cause of this kind of mood is not medical illness or drugs. It will cause difficulties for the patient at work and even in social activities and relationships. It may be required to admit the patient in the hospital for his or her well being and for the well being of others as well. The person is suffering with psychosis.
To classify a manic episode atleast three of the condition can be seen in a patient while in disturbed mood and can be four if there is only irritability. One can notice that the patient has grand or extravagant style or the self-esteem is in expanded form. The patient sleeping hours will be reduced; will find three hours of sleep sufficient. The patient will speak more than what he speaks and will have an urge to speak for long. The ideas in the mind will flit in quick succession or rather you can say there will a thought race. The patient will get into an extraordinary enjoyable behavior where in the chances of negative outcome are quite high.
There may be some patients who will have some physical symptoms as well like sweating, pacing and weight loss. There is a signature symptom of mania which is described as racing thoughts. It is a condition where the patient gets excessively distracted with unimportant stimuli. This is something which makes the thoughts of the manic patient preoccupied, due to which he or she is unable to keep a track of time or beware of anything besides the flow of thoughts. Racing thoughts is something which disturbs the sleep of the affected person.
The easiest indicator of mania is that a clinically depressed person becoming cheerful suddenly, optimistic, happy and full of energy. Other symptoms of mania includes delusions, hypersensivity, hypersexuality, hyper-religiosity, hyperactivity, impulsiveness, talkitivness, person affected will feel like talking more and more, wil have some kind of internal pressure for it, grandiose ideas and plan, will not feel like sleeping.
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